USB Xubuntu 8.04.1 Persistent install from Linux

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USB Xubuntu 8.04.1 Persistent install from Linux Empty USB Xubuntu 8.04.1 Persistent install from Linux

Post  Admin on Sat Jul 11, 2009 7:25 pm

This tutorial covers the process of installing Xubuntu 8.04.1 to a USB flash drivefrom within a running (Ubuntu) Linux environment. Xubuntu uses the xfce desktop environment as opposed to Gnome or KDE. Xfce helps Xubuntu run smoother and quicker on older and slower PC's. In addition, this installation tutorial utilizes the casper persistence feature to enable changes to be saved and restored on subsequent boots. If you have access to a working Ubuntu Linux installation and your system does not have a CD drive, this tutorial is for you.

Update: Works with Xubuntu 8.04.1only!

Basic essentials for Xubuntu 8.04.1 USB installation:
Working Linux environment (we used a local Ubuntu installation)
Established internet connection
1GB or larger USB flash drive

How to install Xubuntu 8.04.1 to a flash drive from Linux:
Insert a 1GB or larger USB flash drive (2GB+ recommended)
Open a terminal and type sudo su
As one line, type wget
Type mount -o loop -tiso9660 xubuntu*.iso /cdrom
Type fdisk -l to list available drives/partitions (note which device is your flash drive I.E. /dev/sdb). Throughout this tutorial, replace all instances of x with your flash drive letter. For example, if your flash drive is sdb, replace x with b.
Type umount /dev/sdx1
Type fdisk /dev/sdx
type p to show the existing partition and d to delete it
type p again to show any remaining partitions (if partitions exist, repeat the previous step)
type n to make a new partition
type p for primary partition
type 1 to make this the first partition
hit enter to use the default 1st cylinder
type +750M to set the partition size
type a to make this partition active
type 1 to select partition 1
type t to change the partition filesystem
type 6 to select the fat16 file system
type n to make another new partition
type p for primary partition
type 2 to make this the second partition
hit enter to use the default cylinder
hit enter again to use the default last cylinder
type w to write the new partition table
Type umount /dev/sdx1 to unmount the partition
Type mkfs.vfat -F 16 -n xubuntu8 /dev/sdx1 to format the first partition
Type umount /dev/sdx2 to ensure the partition is unmounted
Type mkfs.ext2 -b 4096 -L casper-rw /dev/sdx2 to format the second partition
Remove and re-insert your flash drive (if prompted that a new medium has been detected, select to open in a new window and click ok)
Back at the terminal, type sudo apt-get install syslinux mtools
Type syslinux -sf /dev/sdx1
Type cd /cdrom
Type cp -rfv casper dists install pics pool preseed .disk isolinux/* md5sum.txt README.diskdefines install/mt86plus /media/xubuntu8
Type cd /media/xubuntu8
Type wget
Type cd casper
Type rm initrd.gz
Type wget
Reboot your computer and set your system BIOS or Boot Menu to boot from the USB stick. Save your changes and proceed to boot from the USB device

You should now be booting Xubuntu 8.04.1 from the memory stick and by default it should save your changes, restoring them on subsequent boots.

Notes: If your having trouble getting Ubuntu to boot, your memory stick may have a corrupted MBR. To repair the MBR of your USB device, at the terminal type sudo apt-get install lilo then type lilo -M /dev/sdx (replacing x with the letter of your flash device)


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